It was an important river in American history. They were a peripheral group among the Algonguian -speaking tribes of the Powhatan Confederacy. During the American Civil War, the river, with few convenient fords and fewer bridges, provided a barrier and defensive line. The Battle of Fredericksburg and the Battle at Rappahannock Station both took place along the river in 1862. Later, it was at the center of Eastern Theater of the American Civil War. Rappahannock River The Rappahannock River runs 195 miles through the Virginia Piedmont to join the Chesapeake Bay in Gloucester County. The Rappahannock River. The Rappahannock’s territory on the south side of the Rappahannock River was their primary hunting grounds. Although there had been a few small hamlets along the lower Rappahannock during early colonial times, the settlement of the Rappahannock River valley began in earnest during the first years of the 18th century, at the urging of Governor Alexander Spotswood. After passing Fredericksburg, Virginia, the Rappahannock becomes a tidal and brackish estuary that encompasses the river’s last 50 miles. In 1607, the Rappahannock were the dominant tribe of the Rappahannock River valley, maintaining thirteen villages along the north and south banks of the river named after them. It rises near Chester Gap in the Blue Ridge Mountains east of Front Royal and flows southeastward past Fredericksburg (head of navigation and of tidewater) to enter Chesapeake Bay after a course of 212 miles (341 km). The Rappahannock River in eastern Virginia is the country's longest free-flowing river in the eastern United States, running for approximately 184 miles, from the Blue Ridge Mountains in the west to the Chesapeake by south of the Potomac. Then it flows past Tappahannock on its southern bank, a point where the river is well over a mile wide. Rappahannock county was named for the river that separates it from Fauquier County. English settlement in the Rappahannock River valley began illegally in the 1640s. It crosses the entire It is about 195 miles (314 km) in length. Although a great deal of the watershed along the Rappah… The river drains an area of 2,848 square miles (7,380 km2) which is about 6% of Virginia. Zillow has 15 homes for sale in Tappahannock VA matching Rappahannock River. The most common type of home in this community is single-family home, and the majority are ranch style, and they were built between 1952 and 1974. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. With the bulk of the Army of Northern Virginia south of the Rappahannock, a single pontoon bridge maintained the Confederates' connection with the northern bank of the river. 1860 - ca. As a result it functioned as the war's eastern-theatre boundary, between the "North" (the Union) and the "South" (the Confederate States of America). The site, settled in 1671, was laid out in 1727 and named for English settlements began to expand into the Rappahannock River Valley in the 1640s. Centuries of History & … Behind this line troops had little fear of attack from the river-side. During Colonial days, the Rappahannock River was a major shipping artery for transporting tobacco, salted fish, iron ore, and grains. The Rappahannock River rises at Chester Gap, a wind gap in the Blue Ridge Mountains a few miles southeast of Front Royal, Virginia. The former is on the south bank, the latter on the north. Rappahannock River is estimated to cover a distance of 314 kilometers and is found towards the eastern part of Virginia. Synonyms: rappahannock river Back to Top Fun Facts about the name Rappahannock How unique is the name Rappahannock? Impacts to environmental resources within the river have been minimized by reducing the number of piers required for the river crossing from the original design by half. A single pontoon bridge at Rappahannock Station was the only connection between Lee's army and the northern bank of the river. Control of the river changed hands many times during the course of the war. Explore the Lands of the Rappahannock Tribe The Rappahannocks first met Captain John Smith in December 1607 at their capital town "Topahanocke" on the banks of the river bearing their name. Confederate batteries posted on hills south of the river gave additional strength to the position. This location marks the beginning of the Rappahannock River Heritage Trail, a 1.5 mile paved walkway that runs along the river. Rappahannock River Cruises enlists its ship Capt. The Rappahannocks sold their first piece of land to the English in 1651. - 1896 Coverage Dates: ca. It flows southeastward before it is joined by the Rapidan River, its largest tributary, from the right. Fact #1: The Battle of Rappahannock Station was the last battle of the forgotten Bristoe Campaign. Rappahannock River Charters: Excellent river tour with Captain William Saunders - See 5 traveler reviews, 4 candid photos, and great deals for Irvington, VA, at Tripadvisor. The longest free-flowing river in the Chesapeake Bay, the Rappahannock was the river The Rappahannock River runs 195 miles through the Virginia Piedmont to join the Chesapeake Bay in Gloucester County. In my research it looks like I can tube the Rappahannock River without hiring a company, but I'm not seeing much conclusive information about how to go about it safely. Homes in Rappahannock River Estates are 1,500 square feet on average and typically have three bedrooms and one bathrooms. Embrey Dam was constructed in 1910, replacing a crib dam dating back to 1853. While the Battle of Chickamauga and subsequent fighting around Chattanooga drew the eyes of the nation to the Western Theater, Union and Confederate armies in the East were actively engaged in the months following the Battle of Gettysburg. Contributed by Encyclopedia Virginia staff. Project Fun Facts The river’s name is derived from an Algonquian word, toppehannock, which means “river of … Fact #2: The Confederate bridgehead at Rappahannock Station was key to Lee's defensive strategy along the Rappahannock River. He pointed-out various spots and told us interesting stories and facts about them. The Rappahannock River is the longest free-flowing river in Virginia, and its watershed includes all or parts of 18 counties from the Blue Ridge Mountains to Chesapeake Bay. Certainly it was the site of early settlements in the Virginia Colony and of some major battles during the Civil War. It is about 195 miles (314 km) in length. View listing photos, review sales history, and use our detailed real estate filters to find the perfect place. The Rappahannock River is a watery area near Fredericksburg, VA that marked the end of the Underground Railroad for many slaves. The Rappahannock River is a watery area near Fredericksburg, VA that marked the end of the Underground Railroad for many slaves. The longest free-flowing river in the Chesapeake Bay, the Rappahannock was the river crossed in fall of 1862 when the legal end of slavery was near. A watershed is the land area from which water flows to form the network of tributaries and brooks that contribute to a river system. Some historians believe the Rappahannock may have served as a possible boundary between the North and the South during the Civil War. The Rappahannock’s territory on the south side of the Rappahannock River was their primary hunting grounds. In 1714, he began seeking immigrants from the Rhineland-Palatinate and Switzerland to homestead on lands he controlled near where the Rappahannock and the Rapidan came together. In some 18th- and 19th-century documents, including some Civil War records, the Rappahannock River was referred to as "Hedgeman's River". The Battle of Rappahannock River was fought on the river during the War of 1812. Some historians believe the Rappahannock served as a possible boundary between the North and the South during the Civil War. Rappahannock Tribe. The Rappahannock tribe is a state- and federally recognized Indian tribe whose tribal area is located in Indian Neck in King and Queen County.In the late twentieth century, the tribe owned 140.5 acres of land and the Rappahannock Cultural Center and had about 500 members on its tribal roll. The Rappahannock was the site of early settlements in the Virginia Colony. But it has experienced increased development in recent decades because it is so close to the Washington, D.C. suburbs. The Rappahannock and its tributaries support a thriving agricultural industry, irrigating crops and providing clean water for livestock. English settlement in the Rappahannock River valley began illegally in the 1640s. This page was last modified on 23 December 2020, at 02:10. The dam at one time provided water to a Virginia Electric Power Company po… The longest free-flowing river in the Chesapeake Bay, the Rappahannock was the river crossed in fall of 1862 when the legal end of slavery was near. From the Central Rappahannock Regional Library. The Rappahannock is a river rich in Virginia history, a river that is favored by canoeists and a river that is renowned primarily for its smallmouth bass fishing. This area, the estuary south of the Northern Neck peninsula, is a productive oyster and crab fishery. Rappahannock River, river flowing entirely through Virginia, U.S. He is from the area so he knows all kinds of information about the various locations and families. Most of the rapids are Class I and Class II in difficulty, but, near Remington, there are some rapids that are considered to be Class III. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). It is certain that it was the site of early settlements in the Virginia Colony and was later a volatile battle theater during the Civil War. Rappahannock River Valley National Wildlife Refuge (Caroline, Essex, King George, Lancaster, Middlesex, Richmond and Westmoreland Counties, Virginia) November, 200 1 Revised April, 2007 Prepared by: Sandy SpencerU.S Known as the Germanna settlement(s), these villages were founded in order to exploit the iron ore deposits of the region. Rappahannock County, Virginia formed from Culpeper County. The Rappahannock River is the longest free-flowing river in Virginia, and its watershed includes all or parts of 18 counties from the Blue Ridge Mountains to Chesapeake Bay. It was a significant obstacle to north-south movements via land. The Rappahannock River is a river in eastern Virginia, in the United States. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Rappahannock-River, American Rivers - Rappahannock River, Virginia, United States. Spotswood encouraged settlement in a river valley other than that of the James. The broad river enters the Chesapeake Bay approximately 20 miles (32 km) south of the mouth of the Potomac River and approximately 60 miles (97 km) east of the state capital, Richmond. Much of the watershed is rural and forested. These pollutants come from a variety of sources but the The Rappahannock River and Chesapeake Bay watersheds are considered impaired and polluted due to excess levels of nitrogen, phosphorus, and sediments. Then the Rappahannock passes through the city of Fredericksburg. Above Fredericksburg, the Rappahannock provides fine opportunities for recreational canoeing and kayaking. It passes two small, but historic, river towns, Port Royal and Port Conway, which sit opposite each other. 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