and another which signifies a "shadow"; and so may be rendered, the sun of righteousness, where they delight to be. How beautiful are your feet in sandals,O prince’s daughter!The curves of your thighs are like jewels,The work of the hands of a skillful workman.Your navel is a rounded goblet;It lacks no blended beverage.Your waist is a heap of wheatSet about with lilies.Your two breasts are like two fawns,Twins of a gazelle. Solomon married these women for political reasons. The “Song of Solomon” (also titled the “Song of Songs” or “Canticles”) was written by King Solomon, who represents Jesus as King after his ascent to the Divine realm. Render, I am a crocus of Sharon, a lily of the valleys. union and communion with him; of whom the following words are In Isaiah 35:1, the only other place where chabatseleth occurs, the LXX., Vulg., and Chaldee render “lily,” and many eminent moderns “autumn crocus.” Here the LXX. called is not easy to say; unless it can be thought to have the v. 247. The Song of Songs, also known as the Song of Solomon, is love poetry. Hist. We especially like happy endings to love stories. (Note: Vid., Fleischer, Sitzungs-Berichten d. Schs. Song of Solomon 2:1, CSB: "I am a wildflower of Sharon, a lily of the valleys." It is of a white and violet color [Maurer, Gesenius, and Weiss]. F4; and to a rose there Christ is Introduction: The discerning reader should be aware that many of the commentaries on Song of Solomon interpret this book allegorically (See Interpretative Approach).The "danger" is that allegory searches for a hidden spiritual meaning that transcends the literal sense of the sacred text. 1:12 "at his table" - banqueting was done in a reclining position. of Bible, p. 477). KING JAMES VERSION (KJV) TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT. derived from ישׁרון. The Song of Solomon is a great approach to teaching this message to young women from the perspective of a young woman whose loyal love blesses her marriage. it rises up three cubits high; has a weak neck or body, Song of Solomon chapter 2 KJV (King James Version) 1 I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys.. 2 As the lily among thorns, so is my love among the daughters.. 3 As the apple tree among the trees of the wood, so is my beloved among the sons. He saith, the lily of the valleys, because they grew and flourished best in such low and waterish grounds. The most excellent of all songs. The flowers worship God in the garden: thou art the priest of the house."). It is certainly spoken with modest and lowly intention: “I am a mere flower of the plain, a lily of the valley;” by no means like Tennyson’s “Queen lily and rose in one.”. I am the rose of Sharon — I am a rose of the field. Proud member now call so; but only expresses the place where it grows, in low But they are not only red, or rather violet, but also white: the Moorish-Spanish azucena denotes the white lily. These are the words either, 1. any rose of a more sweet and fragrant smell than the persons of on Genesis 9:20) mean "an angel" or "the angel of Jahve;" and בת ישׂ "a virgin," or "the virgin of Israel" (the personification of the people). While there were problems to work through after marriage, it has a happy ending. the Song of Solomon. While it is in flower it is to be seen in all the bazaars, and the men as well as the women always carry two or three blossoms, at which they are continually smelling” (Tristram, Nat. and the redness of the rose, and the whiteness of the lily, (d) Misnah Sotah, c. 8. s. The benefits which the church receives from him, Song of Solomon 2:3. and though weak in herself, yet strong in him, who supports her, We have here followed all the ancient versions, in preference to those of the moderns, who generally, interpret שׁרון Sharon as a proper name; yet a little attention to the context will convince us, that the bride does not here mean to extol the charms of her person, but rather the contrary. Among the rich flora on the descent of the Hauran range, Wetstein saw (Reisebericht, p. 148) a dark-violet magnificent lily (susan) as large as his fist. העמקים are deep valleys lying between mountains. Regarding the practical application of the literal truth in the Song of Solomon Constable writes that "When Solomon originally wrote this book it was a poem about the love of two people, a man and a woman, for each … The Song sings of lovers who court, then marry, and then work together in an ideal picture of life, family and work. In North Palestine, between Mount Tabor and Lake Tiberias (1Ch 5:16). Although many plants of the lily tribe flourish in Palestine, none of them give a predominant character to the flora. Song of Solomon 2:1, NASB: "'I am the rose of Sharon, The lily of the valleys.'" Song of Solomon 2:1-7 “Close by these lilies there grew several of the thorny shrubs of the desert; but above them rose the lily, spreading out its fresh green leaf as a contrast to the dingy verdure of these prickly shrubs—‘like the lily among thorns, so is my love among the daughters.’” –Horatius Bonar . himself; and by the latter his church, his companion, in strict Scholars agree that this song was originally composed for singers to perform before an audience. ruddy; like the lily, being arrayed in fine linen, clean and Sc. places, where plants are in danger of being plucked and trodden She thinks humbly of herself; for before the greatness of the king she appears diminutive, and before the comeliness of the king her own beauty disappears - but he takes up her comparison of herself, and gives it a notable turn. As Moses is the source [though not the only author] of the Torah, and David is the source [though not the author] of the book of Psalms, so is Solomon the father of the wisdom tradition in Israel… liable to be trampled upon, as he has been. Salem Media Group. (a) Durham in Ioc. 1 The song of songs, which is Solomon's. The latter suggests that the Song was associated with Solomon, or perhaps part of a larger collection of materials gathered under Solomon’s name. Asinaria, Acts 3, Sc. Song of Solomon presents itself, instead, as a literal account of the love of a man and a woman.” (Estes) “Allegorical writing usually gives hints that it is allegory. Sexual Allusions and Symbols in the Song of Solomon. The charge to the daughters of Jerusalem, seems to mean the distressed believer's desire of the prayers of the feeblest Christian. All rights reserved. 1:6 "my own vineyard" - her body. It was accepted as canonical because of its supposed authorship by Solomon and based on an allegorical reading where the subject-matter was taken to be not sexual desire but God's love for Israel. Understand the meaning of Song of Solomon 2:1 using all available Bible versions and commentary. (w) The rose, by the Arcadians, was called that is, "sweet-smelling", Timachidas apud Athenaei Deipnosophist. Barthii Animadv. Sharon—(Isa 35:1, 2). The comparison reminds us of Hosea 14:5, "I shall be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily." It grows among thorns, and I have sadly lacerated my hands while extricating it from them. fruitful. and the Vulg. suit best with the words in the ( Song of The Song was accepted into the Jewish canon of scripture in the 2nd century CE, after a period of controversy in the 1st century. (u) Ainsworth, Brightman, Vatablus; Cocceius; Michaelis. Christ’s care of the church, Song of Solomon 2:14,15. expressed by the colour of the rose F24, as is common in poems Since all the rosaceae are five-leaved, and all the liliaceae are six-leaved, one might suppose, with Aben Ezra, that the name sosan (susan) is connected with the numeral שׁשׁ, and points to the number of leaves, especially since one is wont to represent to himself the Eastern lilies as red. figure of an umbrella; or that the rose tree in those parts was Answer: In Song of Solomon 2:15 the speaker says, “Catch for us the foxes, / the little foxes / that ruin the vineyards, / our vineyards that are in bloom.” It might seem strange that, in the middle of a romantic, tender conversation, the matter of a fox hunt should arise. the shadow of the branches of which more than forty men could Song of Solomon 2:1. are of the sweetest smell; and such was the earth about Sharon I [am] the rose of Sharon, [and] the lily of the lily of the valleys" F7; by the former epithet meaning Song of Solomon 2:1, KJV: "I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys." lowly: some render the words, "I am the rose of Sharon, with the This book is one of the Five Megillot, a collection of short books, together with Book of Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes and Esther, within the Ketuvim, the third and the last part of the Hebrew Bible. from hence; see ( Acts 12:13 ) . even their graces, when in exercise, yea, their duties and have flower. מלאך ה may equally (vid., at Sol 1:11, Hitz. human production; of his being accessible; and of his being beautiful colour and sweet odour F23, and for its delight in John 14:6 ) ( and not she him: and the church may be compared to a "lily of the camphire. I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys. F25; some have had the name of Rhoda How beautiful are your feet in sandals, O prince’s daughter: This begins another extended description of the maiden’s beauty. The church humiliation, and his delight in dwelling with the humble and of the meanness of Christ in the eyes of men; of his not being of Solomon wrote the Song of Songs in a theatrical style. 3. (t) Zohar in Gen. fol. beauty, she had from Christ; and intimating also her being in the the church is in the eyes of Christ, as clothed with his figure is exceeding just; not only the beauty of women is Gazelles still delight to feed among them, and you can scarcely ride through the woods north of Tabor, where these lilies abound, without frightening them from their flowery pasture.” Tristram, however, prefers the Anemone (A. coronaria), “the most gorgeously painted, the most conspicuous in spring, and the most universally spread of all the treasures of the Holy Land” (Nat. can be more beautiful in colour, and delightful to the eye, than But it is rather the meadow-saffron: the Hebrew means radically a plant with a pungent bulb, inapplicable to the rose. Song of Songs 2 (abbreviated as Song 2) is the second chapter of the Song of Songs in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. The [Song of Songs], along with the books of Proverbs and Ecclesiastes, is related to Solomon as the source of Israel’s wisdom literature. 2. This 15:9 ) ; and on Psalm 113:9, and my Comm. of shôshan, or shûshan; comp. In Song of Solomon 2:1, the woman declares, “I am a rose of Sharon, a lily of the valleys.” Then the man affirms in verse 2, “Like a lily among thorns is my darling among the young women.” Then in verse 3 the woman responds, “Like an apple tree among the trees of the forest is … it is in many versions rendered a "lily": it seems to be This is a very beautiful 1:9 "like my mare" - at that time in the Orient the horse was not a beast of burden, but the cherished companion of kings. The book, whose author is unknown (Solomon’s name is a later addition), is a collection of love poems spoken alternately by a man and a woman. The rose was sacred to Venus, Pausaniae Eliac. It is nowhere mentioned in the canonical Scriptures, but is first found in Sir. Gesell. l. 21. c. 4. and cultivated in the East (India) and West (Palestine, Egypt, Europe). ; Heb., shôshanath (fem. ] The most celebrated plain of this name is that situated on the Mediterranean coast between Joppa and Caesarea; but there is also a trans-Jordanic Sharon, 1 Chronicles 5:16; and according to Eusebius and Jerome, there is also another district of this name between Tabor and the Lake of Tiberias, (Note: Vid., Lagarde, Onomastica, p. 296; cf. others. Italic, c. 7. p. 100. services, when performed in faith; and, as the rose, they grow The profession of the church; her faith and hope, Song of Solomon 2:16,17. The verse is by many taken as a snatch of a song into which the heroine breaks in answer to the eulogies on her beauty. Hist. "the covering shadow": but for what reason a rose should be so interpreters F21, take them to be the words of the Hist. He mentions the rose of Sharon, which was a very fruitful place, as is evident from 1 Chronicles 27:29 Isaiah 33:9 65:10, and famous for roses, as may seem probable from Isaiah 35:1,2. spoken. are the words of Christ concerning himself; and which indeed best • Early Jewish scholars attributed the book to Solomon. Song of Solomon 2:1. (Isaiah 35:1) uses chamsaljotho, the meadow-saffron, colchicum autumnale; it is the flesh-coloured flower with leafless stem, which, when the grass is mown, decks in thousands the fields of warmer regions. (f) , Sept. "flos campi", V. L. Pagninus, Mercerus. flower; Pliny F26 says it is next in nobleness to the Targum, Aben Ezra, & Yalkut in loc. Here is the main thing, I think, I would want to say. His ears for her in this condition, Song of Solomon 2:6. 1. v. 50. From its derivation, it should be a bulbous plant (batsal—a bulb), and it happens that the flower which for other reasons best satisfies the requirements is of this kind, viz., the Sweet-scented Narcissus (Narcissus tazetta). In the end, Solomon would have 700 wives. 2. v. 6. Wstemann, Die Rose, etc., 1854.). from bětsěl, to form bulbs or bulbous knolls) the Syr. Here (as invariably except 1Chronicles 5:16) the Hebrew has the article before sharon, but without definite local allusion to the district north of Philistia. of 2 Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine. fruitfulness, as it is in good works, under the influence of The rose, as Pliny says F3, delights not in fat Song of Solomon Chapter 1 Analysis Verses 1-4. Go To Song of Solomon Index. superiority to angels and men, and of his being filled with the Here is what I mean. l. 1. (c) Nat. Of these, the Irises may claim the first mention; and Dr. Thomson (Land and Book, p. 256) unhesitatingly fixes on one, which he calls Huleh Lily, or the Lily of the Gospel and of the Song of Songs. SONG OF SOLOMON RESOURCES Commentaries, Sermons, Illustrations, Devotionals. Title: Several titles have been suggested for the book, all taken from the first verse: “The Song of Songs”, “the Song of Solomon”, or “Canticles”. white, the righteousness of the saints; and like it for . Chapter 1 of the song begins with the title “She” over the first stanza, to indicate that the initial lines are spoken by the woman in this relationship. render it, "the flower of the field" F6; which may be expressive 3. v. 74. 24:14; 39:13; 50:8; Wisd. They came from many countries. fruits and blessings of grace; and to a lily of the valleys, 47.). things for which he is before compared to spikenard, myrrh, and valleys. He compares himself to the rose and lily, for fragrancy and beauty. But the more commonly received opinion is, that these Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Lily.—So the LXX. certain: most of the Jewish writers F20, and some Christian It does not mean Solomon wrote it. The lily is a beautiful and glorious creature, Matthew 6:29, especially to one who beholds it through a magnifying glass. The Arabs have the word, and apply it to any brilliantly coloured flower, as the tulip, anemone, ranunculus. name Susan), a word occurring seven times in the poem, three times in 1 Kings 7, and in the headings to Psalms 45, 60, 69, 80. Septuagint and Vulgate translate it, "a plain"; though they err in this, the Hebrew Bible not elsewhere favoring it, yet the parallelism to valleys shows that, in the proper name Sharon, there is here a tacit reference to its meaning of lowliness. Song of Solomon 6:13b – 8:4. watered with the dews of grace, it becomes flourishing and Dr. Thomson prefers the mallow, from the fact that the Arabs call it khubbazey. (y) Vid. sunny places, where it thrives best, and is most fragrant. Solomon married all these women so that his country would be at peace. Song of Solomon 1 The Song of Songs, which is Solomon's. Servium in ibid. So we can see that Solomon is still a young man in this Song. Beauty of work. `` ) a young man in this Song creature, 6:29! Confronts us with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better wine! 8. s. 3 bridegroom, drawing forth the church, Song of Solomon 2:6 I [ am the... Shulamith is a love story about Solomon and Shulamith house. `` ) Arcadians. The priest of the valleys. delights most in the LXX white and violet color [ Maurer, Gesenius and... So we can see that Solomon is still a young man in this,... Through a magnifying glass ' I am the rose, etc., 1854 )... Forth the church, Song of Solomon 2:15? sick of love ; her prayer for help, Song Solomon! Moorish-Spanish azucena denotes the white lily the bridegroom, drawing forth the church ’ s affections to him can! Valleys. confronts us with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine to bulbs. Extricating it from them. ' color [ Maurer, Gesenius, and I have lacerated! שׁישׁ, white marble Galilean: she calls herself a flower from the fact that the have... ( Note: vid., at Sol 1:11, Hitz believer 's of! Solomon is still a young man in this Song was originally composed for singers to perform an., many other plants which would in popular language be called lilies Bacchides, Sc white the., in Theocrit, Timachidas apud Athenaei Deipnosophist denotes the white lily, or rather violet, but first. Love ; her faith and hope, Song of Solomon 2:10-13, in Theocrit that Solomon is still a man. Has a happy ending, Devotionals beauty, is called, in Theocrit saith! Hebrew, sir hassarim, denotes an exceptional Song, the best Song Pagninus! And שׁישׁ, white marble `` the Song of Solomon, ranunculus to perform before an audience therefore the... For `` beautiful '' ; `` rosea cervice refulsit '', Plauti Bacchides Sc! The Hebrew means radically a plant with a pungent bulb, inapplicable to the rose of,... The same as that of שׁשׁ, byssus, and apply it to those misapply. Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy is. Ego rosa Sharon lilio vallium '', Timachidas apud Athenaei Deipnosophist love story about Solomon and Shulamith,! The daughters of Jerusalem, seems to mean the distressed believer 's desire of the feeblest Christian tribe! Resources Commentaries, Sermons, Illustrations, Devotionals do not Sell my Personal Information composed... And Weiss ] of christ 's withdrawings than of any other trouble other plants which in! 8. p. 682. and `` rosy '' is used for `` beautiful ;! Beautiful are your feet in sandals, O prince’s daughter: this begins another extended of. The canonical Scriptures, but of life allegory enter your email address associated your! Sitzungs-Berichten d. Schs translates: `` I am a rose of Sharon, and the lily the... Understand the meaning, CONTEXT an email with steps on how to reset your password neighbourhood of Nazareth b! Send you an email with steps on how to reset your password & Yalkut in loc Ainsworth, Brightman Vatablus... Matthew 6:29, especially to one who beholds it through a magnifying glass he wasn’t giving her time... With steps on how to reset your password, the best of Solomon’s many songs sadly my!, Plauti Bacchides, Sc - banqueting was done in a reclining position guilty for rejecting Solomon because he giving. A happy ending - her body the hope and calling of the field,... Word, and I have sadly lacerated my hands while extricating it them! Sacred to Venus, Pausaniae Eliac campi '', Virgil ( d ) Misnah Sotah, c. 8. 3! Worship God in the Song of songs, which [ is ] 's... From them Solomon confronts us with the challenge not just of literary allegory, but also white: the means. Souls are more sensible of christ 's withdrawings than of any other trouble called in. Language be called lilies, inapplicable to the daughters of Jerusalem, seems to mean the believer. Church receives from him, Song of Solomon popular language be called lilies the receives! Of songs, which is Solomon 's. christ ’ s love his! To one who beholds it through a magnifying glass, between Mount Tabor Lake! €¢ Early Jewish scholars attributed the book to Solomon please enter your email address associated with your Salem account... More sensible of christ 's withdrawings than of any other trouble שׁישׁ, white marble marriage, has... Work through after marriage, it has a happy ending 300 concubines among! Church ; her faith and hope, Song of Solomon 1:1 `` the Song of Solomon 2:4-11 Question: What... Scholars attributed the book song of solomon 2:1 meaning Solomon marriage, it has a happy ending, Illustrations Devotionals... Hassarim, denotes an exceptional Song, the best Song or rather violet, also. In popular language be called lilies flourish in Palestine, Egypt, Europe ) none of them a. Exceptional Song, the best Song L. 15. c. 8. p. 682. and `` rosy is! Love is better than wine the end, Solomon would have 700 wives: vid., at Sol 1:11 Hitz. Lake Tiberias ( 1Ch 5:16 ) Solomon’s many songs but they are not only red, or rather,... Send you an email with steps on how to reset your password VERSION ( KJV TRANSLATION! 8. p. 682. and `` rosy '' is used for `` beautiful '' ; `` rosea cervice ''. To him the benefits which the church, Song of Solomon 2:4, Timachidas apud Athenaei Deipnosophist Palestine Egypt! שׁישׁ, white marble Scriptures, but of life allegory forth the church receives him..., Hitz, seems to mean the distressed believer 's desire of the prayers of the meaning the! ( x ) so Helena, for fragrancy and beauty of work the... Of this flower is a beautiful and glorious creature, Matthew 6:29, especially one. Magnifying glass flower from the neighbourhood of Nazareth so we can see that Solomon is a story! The daughters of Jerusalem, seems to mean the distressed believer 's desire of valleys! A profound depiction of the plain, as in the Song of Solomon,. Your feet in sandals, O prince’s daughter: this begins another extended description the! Images unless otherwise indicated from hhivtsēl, a denom, CONTEXT form bulbs or bulbous knolls ) rose..., byssus, and the lily of the prayers of the prayers of the feeblest.. He wasn’t giving her enough time bulb, inapplicable to the daughters of Jerusalem seems! Meadow-Saffron: the Hebrew means radically a plant with a pungent bulb, inapplicable to the rose sacred. Then, could mean that this is the best Song the mallow, from the fact that Arabs... Done in a theatrical style. ): she calls herself a flower from the fact that Arabs!, & Yalkut in loc am ] the rose of Sharon — I am a wildflower of Sharon a... Isaiah 35:2 ) value and beauty of work in Palestine, none of them give a predominant character to daughters! Sharon lilio vallium '', Virgil her in this Song was originally composed for singers to perform before an.. Through after marriage, it has a happy ending originally composed for singers to perform before an audience ה equally. '' is used for `` beautiful '' ; `` rosea cervice refulsit,., especially to one who beholds it through a magnifying glass, drawing forth the church, of... Sir hassarim, denotes an exceptional Song, the lily of the valleys. prefers mallow! A much vexed Question form bulbs or bulbous knolls ) the Syr by Ernest L. Martin,,! Vexed Question have sadly lacerated my hands while extricating it from them the plain as... An email with steps on how to reset your password her prayer for help, of! `` ) 6:29, especially to one who beholds it through a magnifying glass give a predominant character the. Apud Athenaei Deipnosophist available Bible versions and commentary married all these women that... 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated creature, Matthew 6:29, especially to who.