Use this plant in naturalized areas, as a hedge, or along streams and ponds. It is usually a multistemmed shrub; these woody stems usually have an arching habit, creating a relatively loose broad crown. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. canadensis.Genus name comes from the Latin name, perhaps connected with sambuca a kind of harp.Specific epithet means of Canada. Attractive flowers and interesting fruits. Many 1/4 inch fragrant creamy-white flowers appear in 4-10-inch flat-topped to rounded clusters from April to July. Tolerates a wide range of soils, but prefers moist, humusy ones. long; the leaflets are often eleven to each leaf, and the enormous flower clusters are 10 to 18 in. Sambucus bipinnata Moench Sambucus bipinnata Schltdl. It has some susceptibility to canker, powdery mildew, leaf spot, borers, spider mites, and aphids. The genus was formerly placed in the honeysuckle family, Caprifoliaceae, but was reclassified as Adoxaceae due to genetic and morphological comparisons to plants in … It is a a vigorous grower, 5-12′ in height and spread, with arching branches which support numerous flat-topped white flower clusters in mid-summer. Elderflower and elderberries. It can grow in a variety of conditions including both wet and dry soils, primarily in … Recommended citation 'Sambucus canadensis' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline. Leaflet blade length: 4 to 8 inches; 2 to 4 inches Leaf color: green Fall color: yellow Fall The leaves are opposite, petiolate, and odd pinnately compound with 7-9 leaflets. Plants will spread by root suckers. The American elderberry tolerates a wide variety of wet to dry soils but prefers rich, moist, slightly acid soil in sun to partial shade. In early to mid summer, a profusion of lemon-scented white flowers appear in … Common elderberry is a large multi-stemmed, native shrub with showy white flower clusters in mid-summer followed by juicy, blue-black fruits. Sambucus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Adoxaceae.The various species are commonly called elder or elderberry.The genus was formerly placed in the honeysuckle family, Caprifoliaceae, but was reclassified as Adoxaceae due to genetic and morphological comparisons to plants in … (1997) p 356-57 Parts Shown: Fruit, Habit, Leaf Photo The oval to lance-shaped leaflets are up to 6" long and 2 1/2" wide, with finely serrated margins. Each spring the plant is covered with clusters of tiny white flowers that are followed by purplish-black fruit. The aforementioned gold cultivars, S. racemosa ‘Sutherand Gold’, S. racemosa ‘Plumosa Aurea’ and S. racemosa ‘Goldenlocks’ are fine examples of both bright colour and lacy texture. Fruits of species plants are sometimes used to make jams, jellies, pie filings and elderberry wine. Rehder The compound leaves are attractive and in summer, small white flowers are borne in dense clusters. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Shaded area represents potential planting range. Sambucus nigra or the Elderflower is a bushy deciduous shrub with an upright, tree-like habit and multiple spreading stems. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to American elder (Sambucus canadensis) and European elder (Sambucus nigra) are closely related plants. Grown as a border, it provides an incredible summer floral display. Bright green compound leaves with 4-6 pairs of opposite leaflets and 1 terminal leaflet. It makes an excellent nesting site for birds and provides cover for quail and pheasants. They are abruptly narrowed at the tip and lopsidedly narrowed or rounded at the base. Plants will spread by root suckers. The bark of older woody stems is light grayish brown and warty in appearance from scattered short lenticels. Compound leaves are set oppositely in pairs in a feather-like arrangement. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Sambucus canadensis, the American black elderberry, Canada elderberry, or common elderberry, is a species of elderberry native to a large area of North America east of the Rocky Mountains, south to Bolivia. Known hazards of Sambucus canadensis: The leaves and stems of this species are poisonous. org/ articles/ sambucus/ sambucus-canadensis/ ). The various species are commonly called elder or elderberry. It typically occurs on streambanks, moist woodlands, thickets, fence rows and roadsides throughout the State of Missouri. Its branches are susceptible to damage from high winds or from heavy snow/ice in winter. It may grow 9 to 12 feet tall, is somewhat woody and has an arching spreading form. Some horticulturists recommend a hard spring pruning for maintaining best foliage and habit. The debate goes Young woody branches are light grayish brown with scattered lenticels. The colorful elderberry borer beetle is a specialized feeder on the roots. It is in flower in July, and the seeds ripen in September. The leaf surface is bright green. Its black berries produce a palatable wine. Cooked berries are edible and can be used in pies, pancakes, and jellies; flowers and fruits used in winemaking, marmalade, yogurt, and desserts. A large number of late winter pruning options include (a) pruning out dead or weakened stems, (b) shortening one year stems or (c) cutting back to the ground to rejuvenate. Sambucus nigra ‘Laciniata’, a green variety, was the earliest of these lace-leaf elders, but breeders went on to select for this characteristic in coloured cultivars as well. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Sambucus nigra canadensis (L.) Bolli Sambucus oreopola Donn.Sm. (2009) p 53 Parts Shown: Flower, Leaf Photo Dirr, Michael A. Dirr's Hardy Trees and Shrubs. American Elderberry is a native thicket-forming shrub that can be found in all areas of NC along streams, marshes, moist forests and disturbed areas. American elderberry (Sambucus canadensis) has not been grown or promoted as a medicinal plant like its European relative. The Royal Horticultural Society currently lists American elder as Sambucus nigra var. Landscape specimen, shrub borders, screens, backgrounds, stream/pond peripheries or low spots. across. It will thrive in USDA Hardiness Zo… No serious insect or disease problems. Fruits are attractive to wildlife. Sambucus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Adoxaceae. This study tested extracts of both berries to assess anticancer potential and found that both demonstrated significant chemopreventive potential. Sambucus canadensis USDA Hardiness Zones 4a-9b Size medium Class flowering shrub, deciduous, edible ornamental Shape round Height 10-12' Width 10-12' Growth Rate fast Flower Color white Showy Flower? They are abruptly narrowed at the tip with a broadly wedge-shaped base. It grows to a height of 8 to 12 feet and has large flat-topped clusters of white flowers that emerge in profusion in midsummer, followed by purple-black fruit in late summer and early fall. N.C. Sambucus canadensis, commonly called American elder, is native to eastern North America. Sambucus nigra/canadensis Common name: Black Elderberry Family: Caprifoliaceae Parts used: Flowers, berries, bark, leaves (toxic), root (toxic) A small but thoughtful selection of some of my favourite herbs for the Sambucus intermedia insularis Schwer. canadensis, considered by some to be a European counterpart and by others as the accepted name, with S. canadensis the synonym. The American elderberry (Sambucus canadensis) is a deciduous shrub that comes from North America. Leaflets are usually held on short stalks; the terminal leaflet is on a longer stalk. Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately). Also Sambucus canadensis-- American Elder Page 2 Leaf type and persistence: deciduous Figure 2. Some susceptibility to canker, powdery mildew, leaf spot, borers, spider mites and aphids. Clusters of round, edible, purplish-black drupes display from June to August. Prune suckers as they appear unless naturalizing. Leaf type: odd-pinnately compound; made up of 7 to 11 leaflets Tiny lemon-scented white flowers appear in large flat-topped clusters (cymes to 10” across) in June. Shrub ID: Sambucus canadensis (American elderberry) This is a beautiful native shrub (from Canada, introduced in 1761) I saw on a walk through the woods the other day. The twigs and fruit have been used to create dyes for basketry. Scientific Name: Sambucus canadensis Genus: Sambucus Species Epithet: canadensis Common Name: Common Elderberry Plant Type Shrub Life Cycle Perennial Plant Family Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family) Native/Alien: NC It is a deciduous, somewhat sprawling, suckering shrub that typically grows to 5-12’ tall. American Elder Sambucus canadensis This fast-growing shrub is known for its large clusters of yellowish-white, star-shaped flowers. Native Range: North and Central America, northern South America. The leaf surface is bright green. These retain their beauty as they turn […] It is a deciduous, somewhat sprawling, suckering shrub that typically grows to 5-12’ tall. Sambucus canadensis, commonly called American elder, is native to eastern North America. Each leaf is 5 to 30 cm long, and the dark green leaflets have serrated margins. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Group or mass in naturalized areas where suckering spread may be appreciated. Spreads by root suckers to form colonies. The tiny flowers The fruit has been known to cause stomach upsets to some people. USA: AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , HI , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV , WY Sambucus canadensis is often listed as synonym Sambucus nigra subsp. It typically occurs on streambanks, moist woodlands, thickets, fence rows and roadsides throughout the State of Missouri. Common elderberry (Sambucus canadensis): Also called “American black elderberry”, this woodland species is native from eastern and central Canada to the southern U.S. Fall color is yellow-green. Young shoots are light green. American Elderberry is a native thicket-forming shrub that can be found in all areas of NC along streams, marshes, moist forests and disturbed areas. Stems used to make flutes and whistles. Canada: MB , NB , NS , PE , QC. It is an extraordinarily robust variety, with leaves 12 to 18 in. Sambucus mexicana C.Presl ex DC. In the past, Common Elderberry was considered a distinct species and referred to as Sambucus It is also known as the pie elder, American elder, black elderberry, elder-blow, sweet elder or just elderberry. The leaves are dark green and compound with serrated leaflets that turn yellow in autumn. It typically occurs on streambanks, moist woodlands, thickets, fence rows and roadsides throughout the State of Missouri. Its fruits are eaten by mammals and many species of songbirds. Sambucus canadensis, in the honeysyckle family, is an erect, thicket-forming, somewhat woody shrub, 4-12 feet tall, with smooth yellowish-gray branchlets and white pith. It is a deciduous, somewhat sprawling, suckering shrub that typically grows to 5-12’ tall. It grows in a variety of conditions including both wet and dry soils, primarily in sunny locations. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Sambucus canadensis. Forest gardening trees & shrubs. Grow in medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. similar European shrub, Black Elderberry (Sambucus nigra nigra). Resistant to heat, drought, and soil compaction. The leaves are pinnate with 5 to 9 leaflets (rarely 3 or 11). Elderberry identification. form a strategic partnership called N.C. The compound leaves are attractive and in summer, small white flowers are borne in dense clusters. Each berry is 1/4 inch across, contains 3-5 seeds and is borne in large drooping clusters. Sambucus canadensis is a deciduous Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. Plants are coarse and best used for naturalizing or as a back of the border hedge. Butterflies and other insects are attracted to the blooms. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. It may grow 9 to 12 feet tall, is somewhat woody and has an arching spreading form. This native cultivar of Sambucus canadensis goes by the common name “Adams.” It is one of the most common elderberries grown in North America and is similar to those found growing wild.Adams ElderberryThe signature white flowers, and large clusters of dark purple fruits, make it easily identifiable as a beautiful yard accent.At full height, this beautiful bush can reach between 6 and 10 feet tall. The American elderberry [Sambucus nigra ssp canadensis], is a species native to a large area of North America east of the Rocky Mountains, and south through eastern Mexico and Central America to Panama. It's name is Sambucus canadensis , or American elderberry. The unripe fruit contains a … It can also be used for erosion control in moist sites. Black elderberry is often grown as an ornamental plant, for its white, lacy flowers. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: This plant has no serious insect or disease problems. Deer browse the leaves, twigs and fruit. They are oval to lance-shaped and up to 6" long and 21/2" wide, with finely serrated margins. Flowers give way to clusters of black elderberry fruits (drupes) in late summer. Elderberry is a vigorous, beautiful shrub commonly observed on roadsides and in hedgerows and disturbed areas in most NC counties and most states as well. & Cham. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a. Good sprawling hedge. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Sambucus canadensis (American Elder) is a multi-stemmed deciduous shrub of loose open habit with arching, spreading branches, clothed in a lush foliage of sharply serrated, bright green leaves composed of 7 leaflets. Blooms on second-year wood. Sambucus canadensis, commonly called American elder, is native to eastern North America. Branches are susceptible to damage from high winds or from heavy snow/ice in winter. 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