Rom. 8:1-11). 7:9 for the control of our sexual drive and that may be alluded to here because of the list of the sexual abuses of pagan worship. 12:7,11), the fruit is another metaphor to describe the motives, attitudes and lifestyle of Jesus Christ. "You were running well" is an imperfect active indicative. 3:4), 2. that they stop turning back to different forms of legalism or self-effort. 5:13 "For you were called to freedom, brethren" This begins a new stage of the argument. Matt. GALATIANS v. 16. This personal decision of cutting ourselves off is the biblical metaphor of "crucifixion" as seen in Gal. Goodness is just "Godness." A. Meekness, temperance'--GAL. ▣ "has been abolished" This is a perfect passive indicative. As vs. 1-12 have dealt with the perversion of legalism, vv. ", ▣ "outbursts of anger" This Greek term (thumos) means "a sudden, uncontrollable outburst of rage.". This is a third class conditional sentence meaning potential action. Copyright © 2012 Bible Lessons International, Bob was born in 1947 in Houston, Texas. Rom. 5:15 and 26). Every paragraph has one and only one subject. Outbursts of wrath translates an ancient Greek word ( thumos ) that speaks of a sudden flash of anger, not a settled state of anger. Verses 13-15 deal with the antinomian (lawlessness) perversion of freedom (cf. 2 Listen—I, Paul, tell you that if you let yourselves be circumcised, Messiah will be of no benefit to you. The Apostle Paul planted many churches on his various missionary journeys throughout Asia Minor (now Turkey). It is used to describe churches, like the Corinthian Church (cf. This noun was not used often in classical Greek. III, 'Walk in the Spirit''Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh.'--GAL. 1-12). 5:14-15; I John 3:16). 4:19; Eph. 1:3). It is known from history that the cult of Cybele, which was present in the province of Galatia, castrated all of their priests (eunuchs). 1:6). They are meant to be thought provoking, not definitive. I Cor. S. Paul says, "Walk in the Spirit;" he does not say, stand still. Jesus had a real human body (cf. 1 Brethren, even if a man be overtaken in any trespass, ye who are spiritual, restore such a one in a spirit of gentleness; looking to thyself, lest thou also be tempted. The love of God rests on them, and can dwell in them. 8:28-29; Gal. 17 For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; for these are contrary the one to the other; that ye may not do the things that ye would. It is Spirit-motivated love (after salvation) that sets the standard of conduct for believers and gives the ability to obey. 5:18). 5:17 This contrast between the two ways of life is also found in Rom. 10:18). 7. NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: 5:1 1It was for freedom that Christ set us free; therefore keep standing firm and do not be subject again to a yoke of slavery. You, the Bible, and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. 5:10 "I have confidence in you" This is a perfect active indicative which implies that Paul has, in the past, and continues to have, confidence in the Galatian Christians (cf. These are both brought about by the filling of the Spirit (cf. 16:6,32). However, this interpretation is very dubious, in light of the overlapping definitions of the terms, as well as the fact that these sins are even committed by Christians. As in Gal. 16. 13-15 deal with the perversion of antinomianism. 6:9). He was especially fond of "running" (cf. This attitude, however, issues in judgmental criticism toward other believers. 8This persuasion did not come from Him who calls you. I John 3:6,9). This context does not deal primarily with the modern theological question about the possibility of those who had salvation and have now lost it, but how humans find salvation. 3And I testify again to every man who receives circumcision, that he is under obligation to keep the whole Law. ▣ "patience" Longsuffering was proper even in the face of provocation. It is uniquely Christian (cf. 7:5, II Cor. 5For we through the Spirit, by faith, are waiting for the hope of righteousness. 1:18-4:25), there is no reason why the audience must be Jewish Christians. As God has been patient with us, we are to be patient with other people (cf. See Special Topic at 3:17. The Christian life and eternal salvation are of supernatural origin. "The Fruit of the Spirit is Gentleness" (Gal. 5:21 "envyings" A common Stoic proverb of the day said "envy is to grieve at another's good.". 7:18-19). You must not relinquish this to a commentator. Whatever may be our experience of failure and barrenness, He is never defeated. The use of the singular can be understood in two ways: (1) love is the fruit of the Spirit, described by the varying terms that follow; or (2) it is a collective singular like "seed.". We are not dependent upon law keeping to get to Heaven. 1 An old but profitable letter. I, Paul, tell you this"NJB"It is I, Paul, who tells you this". 4You have been severed from Christ, you who are seeking to be justified by law; you have fallen from grace. The second term [akatharsia], "impurity," is also a general term for sexual immorality, though originally used in the OT in the sense of ceremonial uncleanliness or moral uncleanliness. In these verses, Paul is confronting Peter, the disciple of Jesus, over the issue of Peter's hypocrisy centering around Peter's return to the law to be justified (declared righteous) before God after learning about and living under grace as the means of justification. 14:1-15:13. v. 22, 23. ▣ "self-control" The capstone of the list, self-control characterizes Christlike maturity (cf. Rom. 5:24 "those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh" This is aorist active indicative which speaks of completed action in past time. He is married to the former Peggy Rutta and they have three children and six grandchildren. It is also excluded in the writings of the early heretic Marcion and the early church fathers, Irenaeus, Clement of Alexandria, Origen, Chrysostom, Jerome, and Augustine. I John 3:6,9). Galatians 5:5 Context. The life of a Christian must be one of progress. It is a very singular instance of imaginative misreading of plain facts that the primitive Church should be held up as a pattern Church. There is still a proper function for the OT in Christianity! Phil. They are not trusting in their performance for salvation, but are afraid they will somehow offend God. 17For the flesh sets its desire against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; for these are in opposition to one another, so that you may not do the things that you please. 5:7 "who" The singular pronoun used of a false teacher is also found in v. 7 and twice in v. 10. Several English translations translate "flesh" with the phrase "lower nature." 8:1-11). 5:5). 4:19; Eph. 4:2-3), especially believers (cf. ▣ "and things like these" This phrase indicates that this list is not exhaustive but representative (cf. Revival is just the life of the Lord Jesus poured into human hearts. Romans 6). The "kingdom of God" is the subject of Jesus' first and last sermons and most of His parables. NASB"but the one who is disturbing you shall bear his judgment, whoever he is"NKJV"but he who troubles you shall bear his judgment, whoever he is"NRSV"But whoever it is that is confusing you will pay the penalty"TEV"and that the man who is upsetting you, whoever he is, will be punished by God"NJB"and anybody who troubles you in the future will be condemned, no matter who he is". Its goodness or wickedness depends on how we use it, for God or for evil. Is it any good doing good, or should we rather count good works as pointless? Once we become believers, we must yield our fallen, self-centered tendencies to the power of the Holy Spirit (cf. Text: Galatians 5, 16-24. Galatians in The New Testament - A Brief Overview. 5:1; Phil 4:7). ▣ "but through love serve one another" This verb is present active imperative. 1:4). The noun "freedom" is fronted and the verb form of the same root is used ("freed," aorist active indicative) to emphasize the concept! 27:26; Gal. Galatians 6:5. ▣ "love" This Greek form for love, agapē, was used in a unique way by the early church of God's self-giving love. v. 7). Revival is just the life of the Lord Jesus poured into human hearts. J. Wilmot-Buxton—The Life of Duty, a Year's Plain Sermons, v. 2, Sixth Day for the Spirit of Love in the ChurchWHAT TO PRAY.--For the Spirit of Love in the Church "I pray that they may be one, even as we are one: I in them and Thou in Me; that the world may know that Thou didst send Me, and hast loved them as Thou hast loved Me ... that the love wherewith Thou hast loved Me may be in them, and I in them." 5. 3:1-5 clearly shows. 10:16; Jer. ", ▣ "jealousy" This word (zēlos) can have positive or negative connotation, but in this context it means "self-centeredness. Here the metaphor may be underscoring the pervasive power of the doctrine of works righteousness (cf. 26 Let us not become vainglorious, provoking one another, envying one another. Galatians chapter 6. ▣ "sorcery" This was the Greek term pharmakia from which the English word "pharmacy" is derived. It is the context of such an extended argument in his letter to Galatians that he speaks about the Spirit’s fruit. Therefore, Christlike maturity, which the fruit of the Spirit brings, gives ultimate glory to God through the various gifts of the Spirit. Reason assigned, not for the summons to such a self-examination, but for the negative result of it, that no one will have to glory εἰς τὸν ἕτερον: for every one will have to bear his own burden. Acts 24:25; Titus 1:8; II Pet. Those who seek God by human performance have lost the free grace approach which is found in the finished work of the crucified Messiah. 2:16; 3:12-14; II Tim. 1:23). Together the two terms describe a positive, open and accepting attitude toward others, especially believers (cf. 24Now those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires. Rom. Matt. 2:3-4). Then the stumbling block of the cross has been abolished. 2Behold I, Paul, say to you that if you receive circumcision, Christ will be of no benefit to you. chapter 5. galatians 5:1-26.peroration. ▣ At this point in the discussion of a fully free, but cost-everything salvation, I would like to mention three Special Topics. 10:14; Eph. Peace with God brings peace within and without (i.e., covenant brothers and sisters). I Cor. 6:11; II Cor. 5:9. Rom. This is the context of Galatians 5:1. Brief Summary. Those who are truly redeemed still struggle with sin, but their lives are not characterized by sin (cf. 4:19; John 16:8-13). Matt. Pray that the power of the Holy …Andrew Murray—The Ministry of Intercession, BrokennessWe want to be very simple in this matter of Revival. His power is boundless. 7 You were running a good race. And God-like goodness has special reference to the active benevolence of God. I Tim. However, the gospel of the crucified Christ shows that it is a personal relationship with Christ by faith which leads to a life of godliness through gratitude. ▣ "disputes" This implies conflicts based on self-seeking or ambition which knows no bounds. How does a gospel which is freely offered to us control our lifestyle? John 6:44, 65; 16:7-13), 2. human response (cf. This beautiful fruit is in lovely harmony with the gentle month of which it is the keynote. 5 For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith. 1:3; 9:5). This is the imperative form of "behold" with the strong, personal pronoun (egō). 'The fruit of the Spirit,' says Paul, not the fruits, as we might more naturally have expected, and as the phrase is most often quoted; all this rich variety of graces, of conduct and character, is thought of as one. ▣ "you are not under the Law" No article precedes "law" in the Greek text, so the word may have a wider connotation than just the Jewish law. 4:21; II Cor. 6:9). "Mutilate" is used in the sense of "castration." Gen. 1-3). 4:1,17; 5:2,15-21). 1:2; 1 Corinthians 16:1). 7:16,20; 12:33). 3 For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law. 5:6 This verse encapsulates the theme of the book of Galatians: we are right with God by faith, not by human rituals or performance—including circumcision, the food laws, and/or moral living. II Cor. 2:7). 4:4), not the body (cf. 10I have confidence in you in the Lord that you will adopt no other view; but the one who is disturbing you will bear his judgment, whoever he is. Deut. 7You were running well; who hindered you from obeying the truth? We must also resist wasting our freedom on serving our sinful desires instead of serving others in love. 'Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh.'--GAL. …Martin Luther—Epistle Sermons, Vol. 8:1-11. Galatians 5:1 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Galatians 5:1, NIV: "It is for freedom that Christ has set us free.Stand firm, then, and do not let yourselves be burdened again by a yoke of slavery." Gentleness was not included in the Greek or Stoic lists of virtues, because the Greeks saw it as a weakness. 9:21 and James 1:25; 2:8,12. 5:5; Col. 3:5; I Pet. v. 22). C. This book could be called a message of absolutely free grace. This epistle is addressed to more than one church; as such it is called an encyclical epistle, having been passed from one church on to another — and ostensibly is still being passed along today to you and me, containing some very important lessons. Most legalistic Christians are similar to the "weak brothers" of Rom. This was Paul's answer to the false teachers concerning the lifestyle of pagans who are accepted freely in Christ. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth, Fourteenth Sunday after Trinity Works of the Flesh and Fruits of the Spirit. This passage, and others which imply mystical union, can be interpreted within theological categories (cf. 5:15 This is a first class conditional sentence, assumed to be true from the author's perspective or for his literary purposes. Gal. 18:6-7. ▣ "strife" This means "fighting for prizes. May 1. Eph. 5:22 "But the fruit of the Spirit is" Paul described human effort as works of the flesh, but he described the Christian life as the "fruit" (cf.